Notification Service

Back in August I created a blog post on using Pushover and powershell for OSD deployment notifications, in the comments section Shawn Esterman suggested that Microsoft Teams could be used too. This was a really good suggestion but due to work commitments I have not had much time to look at this until now.

Microsoft Teams

Is a platform that combines workplace chat, meetings, notes and attachments, this is integrated into Office 365 and as such needs a subscription. Teams runs on desktop, laptops and mobile devices, but what makes this product so good is the ever extending list of connectors. So far I have been very impressed with, it has been something that I have not used but was aware of. Its worth noting that Teams will eventually replace/intergrate Skype for Business.

Creating your Team and Channel

If you have never used Teams you will need to get your head around how Teams and Channels work, below is a picture and link that Microsoft provide which really helps. You can see that this has huge potential.

Microsoft Teams Documentation site 

Things worth remembering
  • You can have many Channels on each Team
  • Each Channel can have Connectors (or bots)
  • You can have multiple Connectors on each Channel

  1. Create your Team
  2. Give your Team a name, it’s worth thinking about your structure and not being to specific with the name. 
  3. You can add members or groups to your Team, they will have to have an Office 365 accounts i’m not 100% sure you can use members from a different tenancy.
  4. The Team has been created now look at the settings.
  5. Give your Team an icon.
  6. Now create a channel, the first one is for “OSD Completed Successfully” but I will have multiple channels for “Failed“, “Started” etc
  7. Time to add a connector, there are so many and you can have multiple connectors per channel.
  8. You can add an incoming Webhook which can be used to send data to a Teams channel.
  9. Give your connector a name.
  10. Copy the URL which you will add to the script later.

Powershell Script

<#	
  .NOTES
  ===========================================================================
   Created with: 	SAPIEN Technologies, Inc., PowerShell Studio 2017 v5.4.140
   Created on:   	05/10/2017 13:07
   Created by:   	Terence Beggs
   Organization: 	SCConfigMgr 
   Filename:     	MicrosoftTeams-OSD-Successful-v0.4.ps1

  ===========================================================================
  .DESCRIPTION
    This script uses Microsoft Teams to notify when a OSD task sequence has completed successfully.

  .SOCIAL
   	Twitter : @terencebeggs
    Blog : http://www.scconfigmgr.com	
#>

$uri = 'INSERT URI'

# Date and Time
$DateTime = Get-Date -Format g #Time

# Time
$Time = get-date -format HH:mm

# Computer Make
$Make = (Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_BIOS).Manufacturer

# Computer Model
$Model = (Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_ComputerSystem).Model

# Computer Name
$Name = (Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_ComputerSystem).Name

# Computer Serial Number
[string]$SerialNumber = (Get-WmiObject win32_bios).SerialNumber

# IP Address of the Computer
$IPAddress = (Get-WmiObject win32_Networkadapterconfiguration | Where-Object{ $_.ipaddress -notlike $null }).IPaddress | Select-Object -First 1

# Uses TS Env doesnt give much on x64 arch
#$TSsenv = New-Object -COMObject Microsoft.SMS.TSEnvironment -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
#$TSlogPath = $tsenv.Value("_SMSTSLogPath")

# these values would be retrieved from or set by an application

$body = ConvertTo-Json -Depth 4 @{
  title    = "$Name Completed Successfully"
  text	 = " "
  sections = @(
    @{
      activityTitle    = 'Task Sequence'
      activitySubtitle = 'Windows 10 1703 x64 (Staff & Student)'
      #activityText	 = ' '
      activityImage    = 'https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/628680712841924608/xIIFOxFH.png' # this value would be a path to a nice image you would like to display in notifications
    },
    @{
      title = '<h2 style=color:blue;>Deployment Details'
      facts = @(
        @{
          name  = 'Name'
          value = $Name
        },
        @{
          name  = 'Finished'
          value = "$DateTime"
        },
        @{
          name  = 'IP Addresss'
          value = $IPAddress
        },
        @{
          name  = 'Make'
          value = $Make
        },
        @{
          name  = 'Model'
          value = $Model
        },
        @{
          name  = 'Serial'
          value = $SerialNumber
        }
      )
    }
  )
}

Invoke-RestMethod -uri $uri -Method Post -body $body -ContentType 'application/json'

Executing the script

When the script is run the message instantly arrives on the clients, below is an example of the message on the desktop and the iOS client. You can add this to the end of a Task Sequences and similarly create one for failed Task Sequences.

Desktop Client

iPhone Client

 

References

If you are not too familiar with powershell or are not too sure how this actually works it’s worth reading up. I have added some resources below and once you understand it you can alter to fit your own environment.

Cmdlet’s

ConvertTo-JSON cmdlet converts any object to a string in JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) format. The properties are converted to field names, the field values are converted to property values, and the methods are removed.

Invoke-RestMethod cmdlet sends HTTP and HTTPS requests to Representational State Transfer (REST) web services that returns richly structured data.

Actionable message card reference

Cards are meant to provide easy to read, at-a-glance information that users can very quickly decipher and act upon when appropriate. As such, the guiding principle for designing great card is “content over chrome,” which means cards are straight to the point and minimize the use of anything that would be distracting such as icons or custom colors.

A great resource on this is https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/outlook/actionable-messages/card-reference.

Card Playground

https://messagecardplayground.azurewebsites.net is great site for testing your “Message Cards”.

I am originally from Dublin – Ireland but moved to London in 2000 to study for a Computer Science degree. I currently work for London Metropolitan University, It’s a challenging but also a creative environment.

I specialise in system center configuration manager and application packaging, I’m working on increasing my online presence though my website and twitter account so please feel to drop me a line.

(2468)

comments
  • Scott
    Posted at 16:06 October 6, 2017
    Scott
    Reply
    Author

    This is sweet!

  • rbi
    Posted at 17:36 October 6, 2017
    rbi
    Reply
    Author

    Hi,

    very usefull tips, that’s appreciated ! I’m wondering how can i use this to be used with my ~30 task sequences ? Do i have to edit and create multiple different script ?

    Regards

    • Terence Beggs
      Posted at 19:27 October 6, 2017
      Terence Beggs
      Reply
      Author

      No you should be able to use the same one just change a few things to make it more dynamic like the task sequence name. Plus you should be able to change settings in a task sequence using powershell so shouldn’t take you long

  • Shawn Esterman
    Posted at 19:04 October 6, 2017
    Shawn Esterman
    Reply
    Author

    I’m honored to be mentioned! Thanks for the idea credit

    • Terence Beggs
      Posted at 19:28 October 6, 2017
      Terence Beggs
      Reply
      Author

      Not at all it was a very good idea

  • Michael Winger
    Posted at 19:17 October 6, 2017
    Michael Winger
    Reply
    Author

    This script inspired me to learn how to do this in Slack instead of Microsoft Teams. While the Slack App still wants JSON, they have different requirements for the array that you convert to json. I’ve uploaded my code here:

    https://pastebin.com/embed_js/4P2ZmDGJ

  • Shawn Esterman
    Posted at 19:32 October 6, 2017
    Shawn Esterman
    Reply
    Author

    For anyone looking to implement something like this I found the following things helpful:

    1. The card playground mentioned was super helpful
    2. I needed a helper function to escape strings so they were JSON safe:

    # Tried using [Regex]::Escape($String), but it also escaped spaces and that wasn’t going to work for me so I wrote this function
    function EscapeForJson {
    param (
    [Parameter(ValueFromPipeline = $true)]
    $String
    )
    Process
    {
    if ( $String -eq $null ) { return ‘ ‘ }
    $String = $String.ToString().Replace(‘”‘,’\”‘).Replace(‘\’,’\\’).Replace(“`n”,’\n’).Replace(“`r”,’\r’).Replace(“`t”,’\t’)
    return $String
    }
    }
    3a. We do 3 times of task sequence notification: Build Start, Build Finish, and Build Error
    3b. To send build errors, we use the concept behind this article http://blogs.inframon.com/2017/02/windows-10-task-sequence-error-handling/ and if an error occurs there is a task sequence step to send the last error code to a Teams webhook. You create 2 steps, one to store the last result in a custom task sequence variable and one to send the message passing in that custom variable

  • USMAN
    Posted at 23:26 October 6, 2017
    USMAN
    Reply
    Author

    This is great. thx for sharing

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